Thailand is a historically rich country in Far East Asia. Due to its geographical location, it has been a subject to a constant power struggle between empires from the east and south Asia. Enjoying such an important geographical location, Thailand has a great number of unique forts and royal palaces all around.
Some of the forts and palaces are now in a state of ruin, due to their ancient roots and constant power shifting. They are centuries old and tell us a lot about their rich history. Although modern Thailand and its capital city Bangkok is based on the reign of Chakri dynasty, and most palaces and forts were built in the late 17th and 18th-century.
Today there are numerous forts, palaces, and mansions open to the tourists and local public. Even though some are still used by the Royal Thai family, they are still open occasionally to visitors.
This article is a dedicated guide to locals and foreigners about the unique forts and historical palaces in Thailand. Read it and enhance your knowledge about rich Thai history and all the major forts associated with it.
But before proceeding with our list, we will like to share one exclusive traveling tip for all foreign travelers. Always book cheap flights from the UK to Bangkok or any other city in Thailand with the help of a travel agent or flight aggregator. This is the best way to draw flight comparison and secure the most suitable and low-cost flight to your desired destination.
Built in the 18th-century, this fort is one of the two existing defensive citadels of the old walled city. Today, it is completely painted in white and with an octagonal shape, it is one of the best spots to visit and take pictures. There are some wooden houses in the neighborhood that are almost a century old. The fort is significant and a famous tourist spot of Bangkok.
Fort Pong Patchamit
This fort was built in 1852 in Khlong San. The main purpose of this fort was to protect the western flank of Bangkok exposed over the Chao Phraya River. Although considered as the forgotten fort of Thailand, it was one of the most important forts of 19th-century. Sadly, today only a small part of the wall remains. It is open to visitors in the visiting hours.
Fort Vichai Prasit
Built in late 17th-century, Fort Vichai Prasit was used as a defensive line to protect the Siamese capital city of Ayutthaya from foreign invasion. Although visiting access is restricted to any tourist as it is part of Thai Navy’s Headquarters. But you can enjoy a great view from a boat in the Chao Phraya River.
Phra Sumen Fort
This fort was built in 1783 to defend Bangkok from any naval attack. It was initially named Mt Meru, derived from a Hindu-Buddhist cosmology. Bangkok once had 14 citadels and watchtowers on the city walls, today only two exist. One is Mahakan Fort and the other one is Phra Sumen Fort. This fort is one of the best standing structure of Thailand. It is open to general public and tourists.
Located at the opening of river Chao Phraya, in the province of Samut Prakan. This fort was built in 1893 and is famous for the prominent Paknam incident with the French Flotilla. Today, you can visit HTMS Maeklong, a former training ship of Royal Thai Navy. It is now permanently anchored there, waiting to be visited by all the tourists.
Chiang Mai Fort city walls
Chiang Mai Fort is basically the ruins of ancient city walls of Lanna Dynasty. There are four remaining citadels now namely Hua Lin Corner, Katam Corner, Ku Hueang Corner, and Si Phum Corner. Do visit the remains of this fort when visiting this beautiful northern city of the Kingdom of Thailand.
Phom Phet Fortress
Phom Phet Fortress is one of the few remaining defensive forts of the ancient capital of Ayutthaya. Located at the congregating point of Chao Phraya and Pasak Rivers, it was built to counter any Burmese offense in the 16th-century.
Phlaeng Faifa Fort
This fort is located in central Thailand. Only a few parts of this fortress are in a good condition. It was used as a military base and the main purpose of this fort was to garrison the forces needed to protect the mouth of Chao Phraya River. It played a vital role in the defense of the kingdom and for this reason, it was always equipped with latest guns, canons and other weapons from Renaissance period and age of discovery.